熊果属

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熊果属(学名:Arctostaphylos发音: /ˌɑːrktˈstæfləs/ arkto 熊 + staphyle 葡萄)是杜鹃花科下的一个属,为灌木或小种树植物。

熊果属包括约60个品种,从紧贴地面的北极圈,到海岸、山上不等,皆为其生活圈子。熊果属一般不高,不会超过六米高,而且皆为常绿植物。

物种

According to Philip V. Wells in The Jepson Manual and other sources, there are two subgenera of Arctostaphylos:

  • Subgenus Micrococcus
    • Sect. Micrococcus
      • Arctostaphylos mendocinoensis Pygmy Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos myrtifolia Ione Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos nissenana Nissenan Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos nummularia Glossyleaf Manzanita
  • Subgenus Arctostaphylos, which has 3 sections:
    • Sect. Arctostaphylos
      • Arctostaphylos alpina Alpine Bearberry
      • Arctostaphylos bakeri Baker's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos densiflora Sonoma Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos edmundsii Little Sur Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos franciscana Franciscan Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos gabrielensis San Gabriel Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos glauca Bigberry Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos hispidula Gasquet Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos hookeri Hooker's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos insularis Island Manzanita Common Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
      • Arctostaphylos klamathensis Klamath Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos manzanita Common Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos mewukka Indian Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos nevadensis Pinemat Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos parryana Parry Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos patula Greenleaf Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pumila Sandmat Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos rudis Shagbark Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos stanfordiana Stanford's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry
      • Arctostaphylos viscida Sticky Manzanita
    • Sect. Foliobracteata A manzanita (Arctostaphylos sp.)
      • Arctostaphylos andersonii Santa Cruz Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos auriculata Mount Diablo Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos canescens Hoary Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos catalinae Santa Catalina Island Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos columbiana Hairy Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos confertiflora Santa Rosa Island Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos cruzensis La Cruz Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastwood Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos glutinosa Schreiber's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos hooveri Hoover's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos imbricata San Bruno Mountain Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos luciana Santa Lucia Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos malloryi Mallory's Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos montaraensis Montara Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos montereyensis Monterey Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos morroensis Morro Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos nortensis Del Norte Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos obispoensis Serpentine Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos osoensis Oso Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos otayensis Otay Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pajaroensis Pajaro Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pallida Pallid Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pechoensis Pecho Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos pilosula La Panzo Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos purissima La Purissima Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos refugioensis Refugio Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos regismontana Kings Mountain Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos silvicola Bonny Doon Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos tomentosa Woolyleaf Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos virgata Bolinas Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos viridissima Whitehair Manzanita
      • Arctostaphylos wellsii Wells' Manzanita
    • Sect. Pictobracteata
      • Arctostaphylos pringlei Pringle Manzanita
  • Unassigned
    • Arctostaphylos rainbowensis Rainbow Manzanita
    • Arctostaphylos gabilanensis Gabilan Manzanita
    • Arctostaphylos ohloneana Ohlone Manzanita
Synonyms
  • Arctostaphylos bicolor is generally considered Xylococcus bicolor
  • Arctostaphylos crustacea is generally considered Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea

See also the closely related genus Comarostaphylis, previously often included in Arctostaphylos.

种植

由于熊果属植物很容易受到由真菌引起的疾病影响,本属植物的种植比较困难,通常都只能在多盐及碱土上才比较可行。在天气炎热时,应避免把水从头直接淋洒。

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