水塔花属

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 水塔花属

Billbergia
科学分类
界:植物界 Plantae
(未分级)被子植物 Angiosperms
(未分级)单子叶植物 Monocots
目:禾本目 Poales
科:凤梨科 Bromeliaceae
属:水塔花属 Billbergia
Billbergia pyramidalis 条纹水塔花

水塔花属(学名:Billbergia)是凤梨科下的一个属,为无茎草本植物。该属共有约60种,分布于热带美洲。水塔花属植物需要充足的阳光,但过强的阳光会造成叶色变黄,甚至造成日晒病,所以阳光太强时需要遮荫。生长适温大约摄氏20到28度,超过30度会使开花减少。冬天进入休眠期后,温度低于10至15度时会造成花期后延,高于20度也会影响来年生长。整体来说,水塔花属是一群不好照顾的植物,但看见它美丽的苞片与花朵时,一切的辛苦都是值得的。

  1. Billbergia acreana H. Luther - Acre
  2. Billbergia alfonsi-joannis Reitz - from Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina
  3. Billbergia amandae W.Weber - Brazil, but probably extinct
  4. Billbergia ambigua (L.B.Sm. & Read) Betancur & N.R.Salinas - Antioquia
  5. Billbergia amoena (Loddiges) Lindley - Brazil
  6. Billbergia brachysiphon L.B. Smith - Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
  7. Billbergia bradeana L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  8. Billbergia brasiliensis L.B. Smith - Rio de Janeiro
  9. Billbergia buchholtzii Mez - Brazil, but probably extinct
  10. Billbergia cardenasii L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  11. Billbergia castelensis E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  12. Billbergia chlorantha L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  13. Billbergia × claudioi Leme - Brazil
  14. Billbergia cylindrostachya Mez - Rio de Janeiro
  15. Billbergia dasilvae Leme - Rondônia
  16. Billbergia decora Poeppig & Endlicher - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  17. Billbergia distachya (Vellozo) Mez - southern Brazil
  18. Billbergia domingosmartinsis E.Gross - Espírito Santo
  19. Billbergia elegans Martius ex Schultes f. - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  20. Billbergia eloiseae L.B. Smith & R.W. Read - Colombia
  21. Billbergia euphemiae E. Morren - southeastern Brazil
  22. Billbergia formosa Ule - Peru
  23. Billbergia horrida Regel - southeastern Brazil
  24. Billbergia incarnata (Ruiz & Pavón) Schultes f. - Peru
  25. Billbergia iridifolia (Nees & Martius) Lindley - southeastern Brazil
  26. Billbergia issingiana T. Krömer & E. Gross - Bolivia
  27. Billbergia jandebrabanderi R. Vásquez & Ibisch - Bolivia
  28. Billbergia kautskyana E. Pereira - Espírito Santo
  29. Billbergia kuhlmannii L.B. Smith - Brazil, Bolivia
  30. Billbergia laxiflora L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo
  31. Billbergia leptopoda L.B. Smith - Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  32. Billbergia lietzei E. Morren - Espírito Santo
  33. Billbergia lymanii E. Pereira & Leme - southeastern Brazil
  34. Billbergia macracantha E. Pereira - Rio de Janeiro
  35. Billbergia macrocalyx Hooker - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  36. Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Smith - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
  37. Billbergia magnifica Mez - Brazil, Paraguay
  38. Billbergia manarae Steyermark - Venezuela
  39. Billbergia meyeri Mez - Brazil, Bolivia
  40. Billbergia microlepis L.B. Smith - Bolivia
  41. Billbergia minarum L.B. Smith - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  42. Billbergia morelii Brongniart - eastern Brazil
  43. Billbergia nana E. Pereira - Bahia, Espírito Santo
  44. Billbergia nutans H. Wendland ex Regel - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
  45. Billbergia oxysepala Mez - Acre, Ecuador
  46. Billbergia pallidiflora Liebmann - Mexico and Central America from Sinaloa to Nicaragua
  47. Billbergia pohliana Mez - Minas Gerais
  48. Billbergia porteana Brongniart ex Beer - Brazil, Paraguay
  49. Billbergia pyramidalis (Sims) Lindley - Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana, Lesser Antilles, Cuba; naturalized in Mauritius Billbergia pyramidalis
  50. Billbergia reichardtii Wawra - Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais
  51. Billbergia robert-readii E. Gross & Rauh - Peru
  52. Billbergia rosea hortus ex Beer - Trinidad, Venezuela
  53. Billbergia rubicunda Mez - Suriname
  54. Billbergia rupestris L.B. Smith - Colombia, Acre
  55. Billbergia sanderiana E. Morren - southeastern Brazil
  56. Billbergia seidelii L.B. Smith & Reitz - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  57. Billbergia stenopetala Harms - Ecuador, Peru
  58. Billbergia tessmannii Harms - Peru
  59. Billbergia tweedieana Baker - southeastern Brazil
  60. Billbergia velascana M. Cardenas - Bolivia
  61. Billbergia violacea Beer - Guianas, Brazil
  62. Billbergia viridiflora H. Wendland - Belize, Guatemala, Tabasco
  63. Billbergia vittata Brongniart - eastern Brazil
  64. Billbergia zebrina (Herbert) Lindley - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
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