非洲大蜗牛科

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玛瑙螺科
化石时期:更新世–现在 PreЄЄOSDCPTJKPgN
东非大蜗牛
科学分类
界:动物界 Animalia
门:软体动物门 Mollusca
纲:腹足纲 Gastropoda
群:Tectipleura Tectipleura
总目:真有肺总目 Eupulmonata
目:柄眼目 Stylommatophora
亚目:玛瑙螺亚目 Achatinina
总科:玛瑙螺总科 Achatinoidea
科:玛瑙螺科 Achatinidae
Swainson, 1840

见内文

非洲大蜗牛科又名玛瑙螺科(学名:Achatinidae)包括13个属,都是原生于非洲的大型和中型陆生蜗牛,成蜗每年可以产3-6次卵,每次产卵因体形不同,每次产卵约50-500颗。

分布

该科的蜗牛分布于撒哈拉以南非洲。

解剖学

该科蜗牛的单倍体染色体大约有26到30。

分类学

该科分类在非正式群体弯尿道亚目下,属于柄眼亚目、真肺目。

2017年,钻头螺科被并入本科。

  • Subfamily Achatininae Swainson, 1840

亚科与属

Burtoa nilotica

Subfamily Achatininae Swainson, 1840

 » Tribe Achatinini Swainson, 1840   » Genus Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Archachatina Albers, 1850   » Genus Atopocochlis Crosse & P. Fischer, 1888   » Genus Bequaertina Mead, 1994   » Genus Brownisca Mead, 2004   » Genus Bruggenina Mead, 2004   » Genus Burtoa Bourguignat, 1889   » Genus Cochlitoma A. Férussac, 1821   » Genus Leptocalina Bequaert, 1950   » Genus Leptocallista Pilsbry, 1904   » Genus Lignus Gray, 1834   » Genus Metachatina Pilsbry, 1904   » Genus Pseudachatina Albers, 1850   » Genus Achatinus Montfort, 1810 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Achatium Link, 1807 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Agathina J. Férussac, 1807 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Burtopsis Bourguignat, 1889 accepted as Burtoa Bourguignat, 1889   » Genus Euaethiops Clench & Archer, 1930 accepted as Achatina (Euaethiopina) Bequaert, 1950   » Genus Eutaxis Ancey, 1888 accepted as Atopocochlis Crosse & P. Fischer, 1888   » Genus Geodes Gistel, 1848 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Livinhacia Crosse, 1889 accepted as Burtoa Bourguignat, 1889   » Genus Megachatina Bequaert & Clench, 1936 accepted as Archachatina (Calachatina) Pilsbry, 1919 represented as Archachatina Albers, 1850   » Genus Oncaea Gistel, 1848 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Parachatina Bourguignat, 1889 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Pseudotrochus Mörch, 1852 accepted as Lignus Gray, 1834   » Genus Serpaea Bourguignat, 1889 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799   » Genus Urceus Mörch, 1857 accepted as Achatina Lamarck, 1799 » Tribe Callistoplepini Mead, 1994   » Genus Callistoplepa Ancey, 1888   » Genus Leptocala Ancey, 1888   » Genus Ganomidos d'Ailly, 1896 accepted as Callistoplepa Ancey, 1888   » Genus Petitia Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Leptocala Ancey, 1888 » Tribe Limicolariini Schileyko, 1999   » Genus Columna Perry, 1811   » Genus Limicolaria Schumacher, 1817   » Genus Limicolariopsis d'Ailly, 1910   » Genus Perideriopsis Putzeys, 1898 accepted as Limicolaria Schumacher, 1817   » Genus Rebmanniella Preston, 1911 accepted as Limicolariopsis d'Ailly, 1910

Genus Arabicolaria Harzhauser & Neubauer, 2016 †Subfamily Coeliaxinae Pilsbry, 1907

 » Genus Coeliaxis H. Adams & Angas, 1865 » Genus Ischnocion Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Neosubulina E.A. Smith, 1898 » Genus Bathyaxis Ancey, 1887 accepted as Coeliaxis H. Adams & Angas, 1865 » Genus Microbeliscus Weyrauch, 1964 accepted as Ischnocion Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Nannobeliscus Weyrauch, 1967 accepted as Ischnocion Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Sphalerostoma Girard, 1892 accepted as Coeliaxis H. Adams & Angas, 1865

Subfamily Cryptelasminae Germain, 1916

 » Genus Cryptelasmus Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Thomea Girard, 1893

Subfamily Glessulinae Godwin-Austin, 1920

 » Genus Glessula E. von Martens, 1860 » Genus Electra Albers, 1850 accepted as Glessula E. von Martens, 1860 » Genus Jadukamia Godwin-Austen, 1920 accepted as Glessula E. von Martens, 1860

Genus Lissachatina Bequaert, 1950Subfamily Opeatinae Thiele, 1931

 » Genus Eremopeas Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Opeas Albers, 1850

Genus Pacaudiella Harzhauser & Neubauer, 2016 †Subfamily Petriolinae Schileyko, 1999

 » Genus Bocageia Girard, 1893 » Genus Ceras Dupuis & Putzeys, 1901 » Genus Chilonopsis Fischer von Waldheim, 1848 » Genus Cleostyla Dall, 1896 » Genus Comoropeas Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Dictyoglessula Pilsbry, 1919 » Genus Homorus Albers, 1850 » Genus Ischnoglessula Pilsbry, 1919 » Genus Itiopiana Preston, 1910 » Genus Kempioconcha Preston, 1913 » Genus Liobocageia Pilsbry, 1919 » Genus Mabilliella Ancey, 1886 » Genus Nothapalinus Connolly, 1923 » Genus Nothapalus E. von Martens, 1897 » Genus Oleata L. Ortiz de Zarate & R. Ortiz de Zarate, 1959 » Genus Oreohomorus Pilsbry, 1919 » Genus Petriola Dall, 1905 » Genus Subuliniscus Pilsbry, 1919 » Genus Subulona E. von Martens, 1889 » Genus Kempia Preston, 1913 accepted as Kempioconcha Preston, 1913 » Genus Kenia Preston, 1911 accepted as Nothapalus E. von Martens, 1897 » Genus Pileata L. Ortiz de Zarate & R. Ortiz de Zarate, 1959 accepted as Subulona E. von Martens, 1889 » Genus Pseudocerastus Germain, 1918 accepted as Kempioconcha Preston, 1913 » Genus Trichodina Ancey, 1888 accepted as Petriola Dall, 1905

Subfamily Pyrgininae Germain, 1916

 » Genus Pseudobalea Shuttleworth, 1854 » Genus Pyrgina Greef, 1882

Subfamily Rishetiinae Schileyko, 1999

 » Genus Bacillum Theobald, 1870 » Genus Eutomopeas Pilsbry, 1946 » Genus Rishetia Godwin-Austen, 1920 » Genus Tortaxis Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Dikrangia Godwin-Austen, 1920 accepted as Rishetia Godwin-Austen, 1920 » Genus Ranibania Schileyko & Kuznetsov, 1996 accepted as Rishetia Godwin-Austen, 1920 (objective synonym) » Genus Tomopeas Pilsbry, 1906 accepted as Eutomopeas Pilsbry, 1946

Subfamily Rumininae Wenz, 1923

 » Genus Balfouria Crosse, 1885 » Genus Krapfiella Preston, 1911 » Genus Lubricetta F. Haas, 1928 » Genus Namibiella Zilch, 1954 » Genus Riebeckia E. von Martens, 1883 » Genus Rumina Risso, 1826 » Genus Xerocerastus Kobelt & Möllendorff, 1902 » Genus Cylindrina Schlüter, 1838 accepted as Rumina Risso, 1826 » Genus Eburnea Mousson, 1888 accepted as Xerocerastus Kobelt & Möllendorff, 1902 » Genus Orbitina Risso, 1826 accepted as Rumina Risso, 1826 » Genus Sira A. Schmidt, 1855 accepted as Rumina Risso, 1826

Subfamily Stenogyrinae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1877

 » Genus Chryserpes Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Cupulella Aguayo & Jaume, 1948 » Genus Dolicholestes Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Lyobasis Pilsbry, 1903 » Genus Neobeliscus Pilsbry, 1896 » Genus Obeliscus H. Beck, 1837 » Genus Ochroderma Ancey, 1885 » Genus Ochrodermatina Thiele, 1931 » Genus Ochrodermella Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Plicaxis Sykes, 1903 » Genus Promoussonius Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Protobeliscus Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Rhodea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 » Genus Stenogyra Shuttleworth, 1854 » Genus Synapterpes Pilsbry, 1896 » Genus Zoniferella Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Oxycheilus Albers, 1850 accepted as Synapterpes Pilsbry, 1896 » Genus Rhodina de Morgan, 1885 accepted as Plicaxis Sykes, 1903

Subfamily Subulininae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1877

 » Genus Allopeas H.B. Baker, 1935 » Genus Beckianum H.B. Baker, 1961 » Genus Curvella Chaper, 1885 » Genus Dysopeas H.B. Baker, 1927 » Genus Euonyma Melvill & Ponsonby, 1896 » Genus Fortuna Schlickum & Strauch, 1972 » Genus Hypolysia Melvill & Ponsonby, 1901 » Genus Lamellaxis Strebel & Pfeffer, 1882 » Genus Leptinaria H. Beck, 1837 » Genus Leptopeas H.B. Baker, 1927 » Genus Micropeas Connolly, 1923 » Genus Neoglessula Pilsbry, 1909 » Genus Paropeas Pilsbry, 1906 » Genus Pelatrinia Pilsbry, 1907 » Genus Prosopeas Mörch, 1876 » Genus Pseudoglessula O. Boettger, 1892 » Genus Pseudopeas Putzeys, 1899 » Genus Striosubulina Thiele, 1933 » Genus Subulina H. Beck, 1837 » Genus Vegrandinia Salvador, Cunha & Simone, 2013 » Genus Zootecus Westerlund, 1887 » Genus Chilogymnus Ehrenberg, 1831 (taxon inquirendum) » Genus Beccaria Bourguignat, 1883 accepted as Pseudopeas Putzeys, 1899 » Genus Chilogymnus Jousseaume, 1894 accepted as Zootecus Westerlund, 1887 (junior synonym) » Genus Diaopeas F. Haas, 1962 accepted as Beckianum H.B. Baker, 1961 » Genus Hapalus Albers, 1850 accepted as Curvella Chaper, 1885 » Genus Nothus Albers, 1850 accepted as Leptinaria H. Beck, 1837 » Genus Obeliscella Jousseaume, 1889 accepted as Zootecus Westerlund, 1887 (junior synonym) » Genus Synopeas Jousseaume, 1889 accepted as Beckianum H.B. Baker, 1961
  • Subfamily Thyrophorellinae Girard, 1895
    • Genus Thyrophorella Greeff, 1882
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